Nettles are found almost everywhere. They not only spread on neglected areas,but feel at home almost everywhere. In gardens, nettles are often fought as weeds. The apparently so combative plant has many good properties. Many legends, fairy tales and stories put the nettle in a good light. And so many superstition has lasted for many hundreds of years. In this way, nettles are supposed to protect against magic. He who holds them in his hand shall lose his fear and remain with a clear mind. But she is given an infinite number of other good qualities. So there is no reason to banish the nettles from the garden.
Nettle – where does the name come from?
Medically interesting are the Big Nettle (Urtica dioica) and the Small Nettle (Urtica urens). The name Urtica derives from the Latin “urere”, the word for “burn”. Due to its bisexuality, the Great Nettle has received the nickname “dioica” – bi-skinned. The plant has male and female flowers.
The combination of burning and
By the way, the nettle bears many other names, which are mostly dependent on the region. It is called thundery nettle, weed, estekraut, thousand nettles, devil’s bite, tissel or donkey herb.
The nettle looks at the leaves and flowers
Nettles are found all over Germany and almost all over the world. Only Antarctica is spared from the burning herb. There are four types in the German-speaking world. The most famous is the Great Nettle and the Small Nettle. In addition, the Röhricht nettle and the pill nettle can be found. The latter was imported from the Mediterranean.
Nettles are often rowing plants in places that used to be inhabited. They also indicate a nitrogen-rich soil. Even without soil investigations, conclusions can be drawn on soil quality on the basis of the nettles.
The plant is named after the burning hairs on the leaves and stems. Depending on the type, the fuel fluid can produce more or less painful quads on the skin. The firing hairs are a well-functioning protective mechanism against predators. The firing hairs are comparable to small ampoules. These are filled with a mixture of formic acid, serotonin, acetylcholine, histamine and sodium formiat. Even small amounts can trigger an allergic reaction.
Why is the nettle so healthy?
Not without reason the Great Nettle was already 1996 medicinal plant of the year. It is a nutrient bomb, superfood,bacterial and anti-inflammatory. It is certainly not a weed, because the nettle is one of the most important medicinal plants. The therapeutic effect of the plant is recognized.
Nettles are among the first vitamin suppliers in spring. The plant is rich in vitamins A and C, iron, magnesium, silicon and calcium. It contains twice as much vitamin C as an orange. And the wild plant can also score points with the protein and easily absorb it with legumes.
Of course, the phytochemicals are also important. The flavonoids are given an antioxidant effect. Finally, the nettle in its leaves contains an active ingredient that inhibits the growth of bacteria. All in all, the nettle is a real miracle herb.
Ingredients of 100g fresh nettle:
- Kilocalories: 48 kcal
- Protein: 7.37 g
- Fat: 0.61 g
- Carbohydrates: 1.31 g
- Water: 84.94 g
- Fiber: 3.11 g
- Minerals: 2.26 g
- Vitamin E: 0.80 mg
- Folic acid: 30.00 micrograms
- Vitamin B1: 0.20 mg
- Vitamin B2: 0.15 mg
- Vitamin B6: 0.16 mg
- Vitamin C: 333.00 mg
- Biotin: 0.50 micrograms
- ß-carotene: 2400 micrograms
- Sodium: 80.00 mg
- Potassium: 475.00 mg
- Magnesium: 80.00 mg
- Calcium: 713.00 mg
- Iron: 4.12 mg
- Phosphorus: 138.00 mg
- Copper: 240.00 micrograms
- Zinc: 1.02 mg
- Chloride: 150.00 mg
- Flourid: 80.00 micrograms
- Iodid: 3.00 micrograms
In addition, there are vital amino acids and fatty acids.
Nettle – Applications and Effects
Nettles can be used in many different ways. Above all, however, they are known for their dehydrating and anti-inflammatory effects. When water is deposited in the tissue, nettle seltee is the gentle alternative to conventional agents.
Kneipp already used the nettle as a cure for intestinal diseases and water addiction. However, it is also attributed properties such as mucous, detoxifying and detoxifying. On top of that, it is used as a blood purifier and has a supportive effect on rheumatism or gout. In the case of rheumatism, the nettle can also help from the outside. The plant falsifys the affected person. However, one should be careful, because the irritant effect of the nettle poison is not to be underestimated and can easily lead to overreactions.
A very positive influence has the nettle on bile and liver. Already Paracelsus successfully used the plant for jaundice. Digestion is optimised and even the pancreas benefits from the nettle, in which blood sugar levels are more balanced.
Nettle for kidneys, urinary tract and bladder
The nettle is mainly used in medicine for bladder and kidney diseases. The water-inducing and anti-inflammatory effect of the nettle ensures that germs and bacteria are rinsed out and inflammation is inhibited. Netting is therefore a good means of flushing in kidney semolina and urinary tract diseases.
Nettle for prostate treatment
In a benign prostate enlargement, the root of the nettle is used. However, only the complaints are dealt with, not the enlargement itself. However, the discomfort can be improved by tinctures from the herb.
Nettle in rheumatism
Due to its content of caffeoyl apple acid, the nettle is particularly interesting for rheumatism and other inflammatory joint diseases. The ingredient has an anti-inflammatory property. In contrast to other preparations, the nettle is well tolerated and can be taken for a long time.
Nettle effect for the skin and hair
The herb also has a positive effect on the skin. Netting tea used as facial water improves pimples, acne and eczema and can reduce allergic reactions to the skin.
The roots of the nettle can also be used. The roots are boiled with water and the brew is later sifted. Now the nettle sud is mixed with wine vinegar and used twice a week as hair water. Nettle hair water is designed to prevent premature hair loss. Summa sumarum – there is potential in the nettle.
Nettle Side Effects
Even a nettle can have side effects. But they are rather rare. In some cases, allergic reactions may occur after the consumption of nettle tea.
Allergy sufferers, who usually react to the poison contained in the nettle hair, should pay some attention. However, there is also a typical nettle allergycaused by the pollen.
And pregnant women should not over-enjoy the products from the nettle. In pregnant women, heart rate was found after excessive consumption of nettle products.
nettles – that’s how it works
Nettles can resist collecting a bit stubbornly. Therefore, it is best to wear gloves. Most of the ingredients are in the nettle in spring. From April to June, the young shoots are collected. In autumn, seeds and roots of the nettle are collected. Under no circumstances should nettles be taken near freshly fertilized areas or road edges. It is always good if you let a few nettles grow on your own property.
After collection, the parts of the nettle are freshly used or dried. When drying, you should pay attention to good air circulation. Roots are not washed too thoroughly before drying, but the soil is tapped dry and the roots are then rinsed briefly under the water.
Use nettle – one plant, many possibilities
From nettles you can conjure up wonderful dishes like a nettle soup,salad or nettle spinach.
For a tea, the leaves are used fresh or dried. The approach should take at least ten minutes. With the nettle you can do a cure twice a year. This is carried out for four weeks, but not more than eight weeks. This detoxifies the body in a natural way and strengthens the defenses. It is also possible to make a tea from the roots of nettles. A teaspoon of roots is set with cold water and brought to the boil. The brew should be sieve for at least one minute and then stand for another ten minutes. Only then will it be secutled.
In spring, young, fresh leaves are used for a nettle ink ink, which are poured with a 38 percent alcohol. In the case of a tincture of nettle roots, at least 60 percent alcohol must be used. The approach stays warm for at least 6 weeks. It is then drained and the tincture is filled into dark bottles for storage. The tincture can be used as hair water or for the production of ointments and creams.
Nettle oil is excellent for making ointments or it is used as skin oil. For this purpose, nettle leaves, but also roots and seeds are placed in a good oil. One should prefer an oil of regional plants. The vessel is not completely closed so that condensation can dry at the beginning. In addition, the oil should be shaken at least once a day so that all parts of the plant are well rinsed. Nettle skin oil was already produced by Hildegard von Bingen. It is called memory oil and is intended to help against forgetfulness. For this purpose, the oil is distributed on the chest and temples before going to sleep.
Process nettle – with a trick you can do without burning
The nettle can become uncomfortable during processing. Your nettle hair and the burning fluid contained therein can easily cause pain on the skin. With processed nettle, there is no longer any danger. Only fresh nettles have this effect. Young plants burn more than old plants.
Especially people who are sensitive to histamine may have stronger symptoms when touching the nettle hair. For the pain to subside quickly, only a little aloe vera needs to be painted on the skin.
To harvest nettles, it is recommended to wear gloves. In the kitchen there are various ways to tame the nettle. The easiest way is to roll the leaves with a rolling pin. The nettle hairbreaks and no longer burns when touched. Cutting the leaves also makes the nettles harmless.
The nettles can also be placed in a cloth. Afterwards, the cloth and its contents are poured with warm water and well whisted out. The nettles also break open and the fuel liquid is washed out by the water.
Nettle in the garden – more than a weed
Nettle is an enrichment not only for the kitchen and the pharmacy cabinet, but also for the garden. A manure made from nettles saves many fertilizers and supports the organic cultivation of vegetables, fruits, herbs and flowers. The nettle light has been used for many hundreds of years as fertilization and for strengthening plants and distributes many pests.
The nettle leek is easy to make. For this purpose, nettles are roughly cut into a small scale and placed in a container. The vessel is then placed in a warm place and stirred daily. After a short time, the manor begins to ferment and the nettle releases its ingredients. As soon as no more bubbles form and the water is darkly colored, the manifold can be used. The manubeno is diluted 1:10. All plants can be watered in the garden and on the balcony. Fertilization is no longer necessary.
Nettle can also be used well against pests in the garden. A brew is used for this purpose. To make a brew, nettles are poured with water. The mixture stops for 24 hours and can be used at the end of the day. The nettle-sud can best be applied with a spray bottle. Aphids and other plant pests can be displaced.
Finally, the nettle can also be used well for mulching. Cut nettles are cut into small pieces and placed on the surface to be mulched.
The nettle and the butterfly
Anyone who thinks that insects and butterflies can’t do anything with a nettle is mistaken. About 50 native butterfly species use the nettle. The plant is a feeding plant for the caterpillars. Typical butterflies that use the nettle include small fox, day peacock eye or country card. The butterfly worms feed only on the nettles. And also to an insect meadow belongs the nettle.
Nettles drive out evil spirits
Even though we no longer believe in it, in the Middle Ages bouquets were hung in the house to ward off evil spirits, demons and witches. Nettle pancakes on St. John’s Day were supposed to dispel elven magic and nixes.
Since ancient times, nettle incense has been used to avert mischief. And even today, many people use the nettle to smoke. Especially at the solstice, the house is smoked out to keep diseases away. But smoking should also be helpful for depression and mental problems. But such smoking is also called for when there has been an incisive experience in life that cannot be processed. Smoking with nettle seeds can refresh a sleepy love life.
Dried leaves, stems or seeds are used for smoking. The nettles can also be mixed with key flowers, women’s coat, field horsetail, thyme, dandelion, cinnamon or other spices and herbs.
For smoking, a heat-resistant vessel – a smoked tuphem – as well as a tea light or smoked charcoal is required. When smoking, the parts of the nettle slowly glare and release their fragrance and ingredients.
Nettle pancake recipe
In order to be able to successfully distribute the elven magic on St. John’s Day, here is the recipe for nettle pancakes.
Required for 2 people:
- 2 hands full of young, fresh nettle leaves
- 125 g flour
- 2 eggs
- 250 ml milk
- 1 pinch salt
- 1 tbsp butter
- some sunflower oil
Here’s how it works:
The flour is sifted into a bowl. Then come the eggs and the milk daz. Everything is stirred well. Then add the salt and stir again until a smooth dough is formed. He now has to rest for half an hour.
Meanwhile, the leaves are washed, somewhat dry spotted and chopped.
The finely chopped leaves are now stirred under the dough.
A little oil is heated into a pan. With a trowel, the dough is filled in portions and golden yellow pancakes are baked. A hearty quark or a sweet apple sauce fits with this.
Enjoy your meal!