Astaxanthin is a radical scavenger of the extra class
Astaxanthin has been on the market for a long time and rightly so. This substance not only increases performance, but also relieves joint pain, can reduce inflammatory processes, also strengthens the immune system and has many other benefits that cannot be dismissed. Because even in fertility, astaxanthin can be an important helper and the dietary supplement is also a radical catcher of the extra class.
What is Astaxanthin?
Astaxanthin is 550 times stronger than vitamin E and is therefore the strongest antioxidant found in nature. It is also 6,000 times stronger than vitamin C, 800 times stronger than CoQ10 and 550 times stronger than the catechin from green tea.
This purple-red dye is responsible for red coloring of crustaceans. They consume the algae of the species Haematococcus Pluvialis, from which astaxanthin is also produced. The beautiful feather colour of flamingos is also due to this substance, as they also feed mainly on crustaceans.
Astaxanthin is available as a natural and synthetic substance, although the synthetic substance is not commercially available to humans. This is mixed, for example, for farmed salmon under the feed, so that they get the pink color or is used in chickens to color the egg yolk. More information about the two forms of astaxanthin can be found later in the article.
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What are free radicals?
Free radicals are highly reactive compounds. These reactive compounds are constantly taking place in our bodies. The formation of these reactive compounds is a normal and natural process in the organism of living beings. If there are not enough antioxidants in the body to help fight free radicals, there can be a real threat in the body. Because the aggressive molecules cannot be kept under control and the body is damaged. This is where the antioxidants are used. Their task is to defuse the dangerous free radicals.
The antioxidants fight the free radicals before they have the possibility to damage important proteins, fats or the DNA of the cells by oxidation. Damage caused by oxidation leads to a faster aging process of the body.
The development of diseases such as cancer, heart disease, cognitive deterioration or diabetes can also be caused by these damage caused by oxidation. Antioxidants are therefore very important for the body, because the free radicals rip an electron from the body’s own molecules and thereby severely damage the body. These ripped molecules then also become a free radical, resulting in a chain reaction. If such a chain reaction occurs, the living cell may collapse.
What is an antioxidant?
Antioxidants are chemical compounds that slow down or even prevent chemical reactions – so-called oxidations – of other substances. There are various antioxidants, but astaxanthin is the most effective of them. The antioxidants are of great importance and serve as radical scavengers in the body.
Astaxanthin is the strongest radical scavenger of singlet oxygen molecules. The special thing about astaxanthin is that the molecule can span the entire double lipid layer of the membrane. As a result, the molecule protrudes into both the cell interior and the outer cell. Astaxanthin is specifically deposited in the mitochondria and in the membrane of the cells. Other antioxidants, on the other hand, act either only inside the cell or in the outside of the cell. Due to the molecular structure, it is possible to store astaxanthin across the road. Thus, it can effectively intercept free radicals and additionally protect the polyunsaturated fatty acids within the membrane from reactive oxygen species.
No other antioxidant is able to effectively intercept free radicals. This makes astaxanthin so effective. It is about 600 times stronger than vitamin C and about 550 times stronger than vitamin E. Astaxanthin is a carotene iodine. However, it is also 40 times stronger than beta-carotene.
Effect of astaxanthin
Astaxanthin is an all-rounder of the highest class and can be used for a variety of complaints. On the one hand, astaxanthin strengthens the immune system and acts as an antioxidant, and on the other hand, short-term memory is improved and thus dementia is prevented. But astaxanthin also has this effect:
- The skin is protected from UV damage and premature skin aging is slowed down
- DNA is protected
- LDL oxidation in the blood is reduced and thus prevented from atherosclerosis
- Triglycerides are lowered and HDL levels are increased
- Reducing harmful effects in diabetes
- The function of the central retina is improved and the eyes are protected from UV light
- Heartburn caused by Helicobacter pylori can be relieved
- Carpal tunnel syndrome can be alleviated
- Tennis arm can be relieved
- Chronic inflammatory diseases such as arthritis or osteoarthritis are alleviated
- The body cells are protected from degeneration, which means that cancer can be prevented
- Prevention of Alzheimer’s
- Testosterone levels rise
- Sperm quality is improved
- The athletic performance is significantly improved
- The body’s own sun protection is increased
- The cardiovascular system is protected
- Supports the detoxification of the body
- Helps with stomach discomfort
Astaxanthin is, as you can see at the top of the list, an absolute all-rounder. The substance is not only used to keep the body healthy and prevents diseases, it can also relieve existing ailments.
Astaxanthin and the immune system
The cells of the immune system are extremely sensitive to damage caused by free radicals. This is because the cell membrane consists of a high percentage of unsaturated fatty acids, which is an important target for free radicals. Astaxanthin provides protection against free radicals, which can maintain the immune system’s defenses.
A study at Washington State University showed that the activity of natural killer cells improved significantly. Natural killer cells target and destroy cells that have been infected with viruses. The intake of the antioxidant led to an increase in the levels of T and B cells. These are the key cells of the immune system.
The marker salyated DNA damage was significantly lower in patients. In addition, there was much less C-reactive protein (a marker for inflammation). Astaxanthin therefore lowers important anti-inflammatory drugs and thus slows down the formation of pain-triggering enzymes. Mobilizing the body’s own killer cells also reduces the development of cancer, as the killer cells are largely responsible for killing virus-infected cells and thus fighting cancer.
Astaxanthin is a cell protection
Astaxanthin can protect the cells uniquely as it is a pure antioxidant molecule. At the same time, however, this also means that astaxanthin can reduce damage to cells as well as damage to human DNA. In addition, it intercepts free radicals and thus protects against premature skin aging. Another advantage, however, is that astaxanthin has a positive effect on the skin. The complexion is improved, small wrinkles can be relieved and the skin is also finer.
Astaxanthin for the cardiovascular system
Cardiovascular diseases in particular have become a common disease and are also the most common cause of death. In the US in particular, one person dies of cardiovascular disease every 35 seconds, which means that cancer or accidents are much less likely to cause death.
Astaxanthin has a very positive effect on the cardiovascular system. On the one hand, because it affects blood lipids and on the other hand because it keeps cholesterol in balance. Better said, it supports good HDL cholesterol while protecting bad LDL cholesterol from free radical damage. Thus, atherosclerosis can be prevented and at the same time the heart can be protected.
Furthermore, astaxanthin also has a positive effect on blood pressure and can significantly reduce it. One study showed that after taking 4 mg of astaxanthin per day, over a period of four weeks, blood pressure could be significantly lowered.
Even in diabetes patients, astaxanthin was able to significantly slow down the dreaded kidney disease nephropathy.
Astaxanthin and infertility
However, astaxanthin not only has a positive effect on testosterone levels, but also helps with infertility. Reactive oxygen species exposed to sperm can damage them. It can be observed that many infertile men have an increased formation of free radicals.
Since sperm does not have its own defense system against these free radicals and they are very susceptible to such attacks due to the fatty acid in the sperm membrane, they are very vulnerable. Here astaxanthin can help. The intake significantly improves sperm quality and function. In addition, astaxanthin helps to achieve pregnancy. This is because the number of spontaneous pregnancies is increased by astaxanthin. In one study, 55 percent of the subjects’ partners who were in the astaxanthin group became pregnant during the study.
Astaxanthin and Testosterone
As men age, hormonal changes occur in the body. The male menopause takes place over a long period of time and is a slow event. From the age of 40, testosterone levels decrease evenly but slowly. A low testosterone level reduces muscle mass. Libido and energy are also continuing to decline. On the other hand, the risk of depression increases at the same time. Astaxanthin also has a positive effect on testosterone levels. The antioxidant helps to maintain the natural testosterone level in men.
This was proven by a study in which men took astaxanthin for more than two weeks. Even in subjects taking a lower dose of astaxanthin, an increase in testosterone levels was noted.
Astaxanthin for athletic performance
A 2008 study showed very clearly that astaxanthin could increase athletic performance by 55 percent if 4 mg of astaxanthin was taken daily. This is very interesting not only for competitive athletes, but also for bodybuilders. This significantly increased performance can be achieved within 6 months.
Astaxanthin and the eyes
The progressive disease macular degeneration is related to age and affects a part of the retina called macular. This disease is a common cause of blindness. Numerous studies have shown that the two carotene iodes lutein and zeaxanthin have a direct influence on the course of this disease. These are the most important carotene iodes in makilapohgment. This protects against damage to the retina by light and macular degeneration. Astaxanthin is five times more effective than these two carotene iode.
Astaxanthin also protects the eyes from UV-related damage caused by free radicals. Since astaxanthin can cross the blood retinal barrier, it has a positive impact on eye health. Astaxanthin settles in the retina of mammals. As a result, the retinal damaged by UV light recovers more quickly. This protection is created by preventing the degeneration of photoreceptors in the eye. A study shows that taking the antioxidant improves visual acuity.
Astaxanthin to prevent Alzheimer’s
Astaxanthin, as has been proven in studies, can inhibit the development and development of Alzheimer’s. This is also due, for example, to the fact that astaxanthin can cross the blood-brain barrier and thus protect the brain directly. It eliminates the free radicals and protects the brain and nerve cells from oxidative stress.
Astaxanthin and the brain
Oxidative stress can cause memory loss and cognitive problems. This is because around 30% of brain mass is prone to oxidative damage. By permeating the blood brain barrier, astaxanthin helps protect brain cells. It helps more effectively than any other antioxidant. One study showed that astaxanthin has a positive effect on brain health. Oxidative damage can be actively combated.
Astaxanthin and chronic inflammation
The body is severely damaged by long and chronic inflammation, which can have devastating effects. Such inflammation can eventually lead to a wide variety of chronic conditions, such as asthma, Alzheimer’s or rheumatoid arthritis. The list of diseases that can arise from such chronic inflammation is very long. It also includes various allergies, colorectal cancer, ulcers and multiple sclerosis. In order to prevent or re-balance such chronic inflammation, the intake of astaxanthin helps.
Astaxanthin and heartburn
Many people suffer from heartburn and poor digestive health. Various symptoms such as stomach upsets, nausea or general discomfort in the abdomen occur. Often these symptoms are associated with infections with Helicobacter plyori. Infection with Helicobacter plyori increases the production of reactive oxygen species. This leads to very strong oxidative stress and inflammation in the stomach wall. One study found that heartburn symptoms were significantly reduced by taking astaxanthin. The reduction of stomach inflammation was also demonstrated in a study.
Astaxanthin and wrinkles
The most effective protection against wrinkles is protection from the inside. The damage caused by free radicals is a major threat to the skin. With the help of astaxanthin, the skin can be protected and healed from the inside. What is particularly positive is that the antioxidant can quickly repair damage that is several years old. This works because astaxanthin effectively protects the skin from oxidative stress. This increases cell repair and the body’s own collagen production. In addition, the moisture of the skin is increased. This reduces wrinkles and makes the skin look fresher, firmer and more vitalized.
Astaxanthin and osteoarthritis
For a well-being in the body, it is important that the cartilage stays healthy. For this reason, the cartilage collagen must be protected from oxidative stress. If this does not happen, the attacks of the free radicals ensure that the tissue breaks down. This can lead to very distressing and unpleasant joint pain. A study in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition shows that astaxanthin can reduce pain and increase mobility in people with joint pain.
Astaxanthin and the Heart
Astaxanthin shows several positive effects on the cardiovascular system. Cardiovascular diseases are among the most common causes of death. Astaxanthin increases the production of HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol) and at the same time protects LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) from free radical damage. In addition, astaxanthin lowers triglycerides. Triglycerides are among the blood lipids and with an increased value there is a risk of cardiovascular disease. In addition, the antioxidant supports the health of the arteries and helps to prevent the oxidation of LDL cholesterol.
As a result, they do not form lumps that can clog the arteries. The arteries are literally “cleaned through”, which also leads to a better blood circulation in the body. This prevents blood clots, which can detach and can lead to heart attacks or strokes. Studies have shown that people taking astaxanthin have significantly lower LDL oxidation in the blood, which reduces the risk of atherosclerosis. Studies also showed that taking the antioxidant led to increased adiponetics production.
This is a hormone produced by fat cells. It has many positive properties on the human body and ensures, for example, that insulin can control blood sugar more effectively. Carotene iodine is also helpful for lowering blood pressure.
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Studies on astaxanthin
In the meantime, there are a large number of studies on astaxanthin, all of which have yielded excellent results.
For example, a 2015 study conducted in China shows that cartilage damage could be significantly improved in experimental osteoarthritis. Therefore, the scientists recommend that astaxanthin should be considered as a medical remedy.
Even in terms of cancer, astaxanthin has shown an excellent effect. Researchers even agree that astaxanthin is a promising chemotherapy drug in cancer. This study is from 2015 and was conducted in China.
A 2012 study conducted in Australia shows that astaxanthin has a promising effect on the cardiovascular system. However, further studies and studies still need to be carried out.
This study from Japan has shown that astaxanthin can protect against Alzheimer’sdisease. After 12 weeks, it was found that a dose of 6 to 12 mg per day can reduce the PLOOH content in the blood by 50 percent. Thus, astaxanthin is very suitable for the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease. PLOOH is the abbreviation for phospholipid hyperoxides. If this value is increased in the blood, this is considered a sure sign that Alzheimer’s disease is present.
There are many other studies on astaxanthin that show how excellent this substance is.
Dosage astaxanthin to be dosed?
In clinical studies, the antioxidant was usually used in a dosing range of four to 20 milligrams per day. After about one to two weeks, the effect of astaxanthin begins. The active substance must first accumulate in the body and store itself in the cell membranes. Only then can the effect of astaxanthin unfold. It is recommended to take a slightly higher dose (e.g. 10-14 milligrams) daily during the first week. From the second week onwards, a lower dose of around four to six milligrams per day will be sufficient. This allows an effect to be achieved more quickly.
In the long run, a dose of around four to eight milligrams of astaxanthin should be taken daily. A dose of four milligrams per day is suitable for individuals who generally want to strengthen the immune system. People suffering from arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome or tendinitis are recommended to take a dose of around twelve milligrams per day. In case of pre-existing health problems, a higher dose can therefore be started.
Side Effects of Astaxanthin
In not a single study conducted with astaxanthin was adverse reactions detected. Of course, there are always sensitive people who can react to the substance. Therefore, the body should be closely monitored in the first few days when astaxanthin is taken for the first time.
However, there is a side effect. It can happen that when taking astaxanthin, there is redness of the skin. This is comparable to excessive consumption of carrots or carrot juice, as this also reddens the skin. This coloring can occur due to the dye in astaxanthin, but is not further bad and only makes a rosy complexion.
Many studies have also investigated the side effects of astaxanthin. None of the nearly 200 subjects had a reaction. It investigated whether there were signs of toxicity, whether interactions with drugs, foods or dietary supplements, or whether allergic reactions occurred.
Astaxanthin and the ORAC value
Astaxanthin has the highest ORAC (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) of all antioxidant super vital substances. This value is a method of measuring the antioxidant force and thus being able to make a statement.
Synthetic and natural anthoxanthine
Astaxanthin can now be produced naturally and synthetically. There are, of course, some differences that we would like to explain here.
Synthetic astaxanthin: This substance is obtained using a genetically modified yeast fungus (Phaffia rhodozyma) or produced from petroleum. However, it is not sold as a means for humans, but for domestic and farm animals such as chickens. Salmon is also often fed astaxanthin if it is not clearly labelled as wild salmon or if the additive “with natural dye” is printed on the packaging. Since there is no species-appropriate feed for the salmon in most breeding farms, they naturally do not receive astaxanthin-containing microalgae. But in order to obtain the color, it is fed with synthetically produced astaxanthin.
Natural astaxanthin: Natural astaxanthin is produced from a microalgae (Haematococcus pluvialis). It is particularly high-quality and, unlike synthetically produced astaxanthin, much more effective. Furthermore, natural astaxanthin can be obtained from foods such as salmon.
Although the chemical formula of natural and synthetic astaxanthin is the same, there are serious differences. While the synthetic substance consists only of astaxanthin, the natural substance is a total complex of algae, which thus ensures its survival. This means that other concomitant substances such as lutein, beta-carotene and canthaxanthin are also contained in it and enhance the effect of astaxanthin. Thus, the natural astaxanthin is much more effective in the different ailments.
Synthetic astaxanthin is made from petroleum chemicals and is not healthy for the body. This synthetic astaxanthin is banned as a dietary supplement, but is still ingested by humans. This is done, for example, by eating farmed salmon. Synthetic astaxanthin is fed as a feed additive to crabs, chickens, shrimps or salmon, among other things. The natural astaxanthin, on the other hand, is derived from green microalgae, as described above. This natural astaxanthin has positive effects on the organism and the entire human body.
What is natural astaxanthin contained?
However, natural astaxanthin is not only contained in the algae. Krill oil, fish oil or salmon oil also contains astaxanthin. In addition, it is found in trout, carrots, red peppers, lobster, caviar, shrimp, crabs and red bass. All foods that have a red pigmentation contain the natural astaxanthin. The largest amount of natural astaxanthin is contained in red salmon. The substance contains approximately 30 to 60 milligrams per kilogram. However, in order to achieve an astaxanthin content of three milligrams by eating salmon from salmon, at least 150 grams of salmon would have to be eaten daily.
Who should take Astaxanthin?
The antioxidant is used as a dietary supplement and is therefore not approved for any specific medical application. It can be used in addition to conventional medicine against various diseases mentioned above. Persons suffering from a serious illness should consult their doctor with their doctor if they take astaxanthin for a longer period of time.
What are the effects of the antioxidant?
Astaxanthin reduces both DNA damage and premature cell death. This premature cell death is caused by oxidation in the blood plasma. Another positive trait is that astaxanthin can overcome the blood retina barrier of the brain. This prevents, for example, eye fatigue. In addition, the antioxidant is an extremely effective anti-inflammatory. Various in vitro and in vivo studies also show that astaxanthin strongly suppresses the nuclear translocation of NFkB inflammatory reactions.
Such inflammation is a common cause of degenerative diseases. In addition, the antioxidant helps to protect the skin from damage caused by UV irradiation. Such damage can cause lasting damage to the skin. Astaxanthin also helps with premature skin aging or wrinkle formation. Astaxanthin also has the effect of preventing dementia as it improves short-term memory. Astaxanthin increases HDL levels and reduces triglycerides. More generally, astaxanthin improves the body’s immune system and protects body cells from degeneration, which can reduce the risk of cancer. Damage caused by high blood sugar effects is also reduced and heartburn is alleviated. The antioxidant protects the eyes from dangerous UV rays and improves retinal function.
The intensity and duration of carpal tunnel syndrome is also reduced by astaxanthin. In addition, testosterone levels are rising and both sperm quality and sperm function are improved. Astaxanthin can increase athletic performance by up to 55%.
Why is astaxanthin particularly effective?
As already mentioned, astaxanthin is particularly effective as a radical scavenger due to its molecular structure. The antioxidant has a long-chain structure and polar end groups. This is the reason why astaxanthin can cover the double-layered cell membrane. This protects against oxidative stress. This is especially important because oxidative stress can manifest itself through various diseases and effects. For example, oxidative stress leads to pain in the joints and muscles, clogged and hardened arteries, loss of memory and control, or blurred vision.
But also age spots, dry and wrinkled skin or a reduced energy level can be attributed to oxidative stress. Therefore, the body must be effectively protected from the free radicals. Particularly effective is that astaxanthin can neutralize the free radicals in both water-soluble and fat-soluble areas of the cell membrane. This is a peculiarity compared to other antioxidants. As already mentioned, these can only work on the inside or on the outside of the cell membrane.
Astaxanthin helps protect the body from free radicals
The body therefore needs a sufficient amount of antioxidants to protect the body’s cells from the free radicals. The extremely effective radical scavenger Astaxanthin absorbs the energy emitted by the free radicals. As a result, the carotene iodine is decomposed.
It also prevents the surrounding cell from being damaged. Astaxanthin helps to neutralize the free radicals and thus prevents the chain reaction. The harmful effects on the body are interrupted by this. The higher the age, the more often there is damage caused by free radicals. Therefore, the intake of sufficient antioxidants is particularly important with age.
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Astaxanthin is not only helpful if there are already complaints or diseases. Astaxanthin is also an important helper to support the health of the body and strengthen the immune system. In addition, it is natural and has a high bioavailability, no side effects and is very well tolerated.
Especially to protect the cardiovascular system, effectively fight free radicals and get a grip on diabetes and high blood pressure, astaxanthin can be an excellent alternative. But also in order to prevent Alzheimer’s, to protect the eyes and strengthen the eyes, this substance cannot be dismissed. This is because astaxanthin can overcome the blood-brain barrier and thus also protects the brain and nerve cells from free radicals.
Astaxanthin is a truer all-rounder in terms of diseases and the health of the body, which is why it should not be missing in any home pharmacy.